Science expertise: Beginner

  • Writing implementation research grant proposals: ten key ingredients

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    This article addresses the challenges of preparing grant applications that succeed in the emerging field of dissemination and implementation. The article summarizes ten ingredients that are important in implementation research grants.
  • Implementation science made too simple: a teaching tool

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    This resource uses very simple language to help colleagues grasp key concepts in implementation science.
  • What is Implementation Science?

    Type of resource: Video
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    An introduction to implementation science.
  • Implementation Science Research Development (ImpRes) Tool

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    This guide provides a systematic step-by-step approach to designing implementation research.
  • Webinar: Matching Implementation Strategies to Barriers and Enablers

    Type of resource: Link
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Barriers and facilitators
    This webinar is suitable for researchers wanting expert guidance on how to use available tools and approaches for matching specific implementation strategies to identified barriers and enablers as part of implementation science research.
  • Three opportunities to boost implementation science at a critical time of need

    Type of resource: Link
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    This is a piece written by Implementation Science Communications Associate Editors Bev Holmes and Alison Hamilton, in the BMC’s On Health blog in March 2021.
  • Developing a novel diabetes distress e-learning program for diabetes educators: an intervention mapping approach

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Evidence-practice gap Frameworks, models, theories
    The purpose of this paper is to describe how Intervention Mapping was utilised to plan the development, implementation, and evaluation of a novel diabetes distress e-learning program for diabetes educators, to meet a well-documented need and significant gap in diabetes care. 
  • Making sense of implementation theories, models and frameworks

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Frameworks, models, theories
    The aim of this article is to propose a taxonomy that distinguishes between different categories of theories, models and frameworks in implementation science, to facilitate appropriate selection and application of relevant approaches in implementation research and practice and to foster cross-disciplinary dialogue among implementation researchers.
  • An electronic decision support-based complex intervention to improve management of cardiovascular risk in primary health care: a cluster randomised trial (INTEGRATE)

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Context Practice examples
    The aim of this study was to determine whether a multifaceted primary health care intervention better controlled cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in patients with high risk of CVD than usual care. The study concluded that the INTEGRATE intervention was not broadly implemented and did not improve CVD risk management in participating Australian general practices. ... Read more
  • What Can Implementation Science Do for You? Key Success Stories from the Field

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Context Practice examples
    This paper describes implementation science success stories involving health interventions, programs, guidelines and policies, where the role of implementation science made a substantial, replicated, and sustained health impact across broad population groups. 
  • Translational Research Framework

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Introductory
    This guide can be used as a tool to help you critically think about where projects may fit on the translational research continuum, and with this in mind, how best to refine your research question and methods. The guide provides a number of prompts to help identify the steps you need to take to: Demonstrate ... Read more
  • Implementation Science to Advance Care Delivery: A Primer for Pharmacists and Other Health Professionals

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    This primer provides an overview of implementation science principles for pharmacists and other health care providers interested in accelerating practice transformation to improve health care delivery and, ultimately, patient care.
  • An Introduction to Implementation Science for the Non-Specialist

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    In this paper the authors aim to introduce implementation science principles to non-specialist investigators, administrators, and policymakers seeking to become familiar with this emerging field. This introduction is based on published literature and the authors’ experience as researchers in the field, as well as extensive service as implementation science grant reviewers.
  • Implementation in action: A guide to implementing evidence-informed programs and practices

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Introductory
    This guide has been written to help implement evidence-informed programs and practices in the child and family service sector. You are encouraged to use it in conjunction with the recommended tools and resources highlighted throughout the guide.
  • Knowledge Translation: The Rise of Implementation

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Knowledge translation
    This Report reflects on the advancements in Knowledge Translation (KT), the relationship between KT and Implementation Science and KT practice specifically in disability research.
  • Guidance for conducting feasibility and pilot studies for implementation trials

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Implementation strategies Study design
    This paper aims to provide broad guidance for the conduct of feasibility and pilot studies for implementation trials. Feasibility and pilot studies for implementation trials are similar to those for intervention trials, but focus on developing implementation strategies, refining research methods and undertaking preliminary testing of implementation strategies. This slightly different focus often presents challenges for researchers who are new ... Read more
  • Revisiting time to translation: implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in cancer control

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Research translation
    Estimates of the implementation of evidence-based practices average around 17 years. This study revisits the pathway to translation for cancer control evidence-based practices, and evaluates variation in the translational pathway of these practices. 
  • A qualitative study of design stakeholders’ views of developing and implementing a registry-based learning health system

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Barriers and facilitators Partnerships Stakeholder engagement
    The concept of a learning health system has been enthusiastically embraced in healthcare, but relatively few real-life examples exist. This article, led by Prof Mary Dixon-Woods, uses stakeholder interviews to examine views on designing and implementing a US-based learning health system for cystic fibrosis. 
  • Developing implementation research capacity: longitudinal evaluation of the King’s College London Implementation Science Masterclass, 2014–2019

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Context Evaluation
    This paper describes the Implementation Science Masterclass developed and delivered by King’s College London and an International faculty of implementation experts. The paper provides delegates’ quantitative and qualitative evaluations (gathered through a survey at the end of the Masterclass) and faculty reflections over the period it has been running (2014–2019).
  • Building capacity in dissemination and implementation science: a systematic review of the academic literature on teaching and training initiatives

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Context Mentoring
    This systematic review by Dr Rachel Davis (King’s College London) and Dr Danielle D’Lima (University College London) provides a global view of dissemination and implementation capacity-building initiatives and discusses the development and future of such capacity-building initiatives.
  • Designing and Undertaking Randomised Implementation Trials: Guide for Researchers

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Design and analysis Study design
    This new guidance provides a comprehensive overview of the key components of conducting randomised trials of implementation strategies. The authors are an international team led by Professor Luke Wolfenden and includes six other Australian contributors.
  • Building a Resilient COVID-19 Vaccination System

    Type of resource: Video
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Implementation strategies Practice examples
    Professor Julie Leask’s presentation focuses on building a resilient COVID-19 vaccination system. It looks at what is ahead with the pandemic and the vaccination for COVID-19. Professor Leask also discusses what would make a successful vaccination program by looking back at what we already know about high vaccination uptake.
  • The COVID-19 Critical Intelligence Unit in New South Wales

    Type of resource: Video
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Context Implementation strategies Practice examples
    As part of New South Wales’ response to COVID-19, the Agency for Clinical Innovation (ACI) established a critical intelligence unit (CIU) to keep abreast of new developments and aid health care leadership in decision-making. The CIU was a new organisational entity which brought together clinical, analytic, research, organisational and policy experts to provide timely and ... Read more
  • How is Implementation Science Transforming Healthcare: Challenging Assumptions and Future Directions

    Type of resource: Video
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: De-implementation Evidence-practice gap Implementation strategies
    The traditional view of the pathway from research to practice suggests linear development of interventions emerging from basic science insights, testing of those interventions through specific stages of investigative trials, publication of those results, and then consideration of how the interventions may be adopted, implemented and sustained in clinical and community systems of care. As ... Read more
  • Politics, Post-Truth Science and COVID-19

    Type of resource: Video
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Barriers and facilitators Context Qualitative research Research translation
    Masks, schools, contact-tracing, quarantine, ventilation, vaccines. Policymakers said they were “following the science” – but the science was contested, sometimes aggressively and even violently. Research progressed at unprecedented pace and scale; too little knowledge quickly became too much. A few questions were resolved, but many were not. “Facts” were not merely value-laden; time after time ... Read more
  • Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health: Translating Science to Practice

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    This book is a practical text on dissemination and implementation research (D&I), the study of how scientific research is implemented in everyday life. The book has been assembled and authored by the leading voices in D&I research, covering the most actionable and essential aspects of the science. It offers tools and methods to move research ... Read more
  • How to Implement Evidence-Based Healthcare

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    How to Implement Evidence-Based Healthcare clearly and succinctly demystifies the implementation process and explains how to successfully apply evidence-based healthcare to practice in order to ensure safe and effective practice. Written in an engaging and practical style, it includes frameworks, tools and techniques for successful implementation and behavioural change, as well as in-depth coverage and ... Read more
  • Professor Fiona Coyer, Keynote Presentation, SHP Implementation Science Symposium 2019

    Type of resource: Video
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Practice examples
    Listen to Professor Fiona Coyer, a Conjoint Professor of Nursing at the Queensland University of Technology, deliver a keynote presentation about her implementation research which largely eliminated pressure injuries amongst patients of the Emergency Department at Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital.
  • Professor Ross Brownson, Keynote Presentation, SHP Implementation Science Symposium 2019

    Type of resource: Video
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Policy
    Topics: Dissemination Partnerships Scaling up
    Professor Ross Brownson, from Washington University in St Louis, was the international keynote speaker at the 2019 SHP Implementation Science Symposium. Listen to Professor Ross Brownson discuss the scale-up and spread of novel, evidence-based interventions across health systems, and how health care professionals embrace change. “We know more than enough about what the causes of ... Read more
  • An implementation science primer for psycho-oncology: translating robust evidence into practice

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    This article describes the fundamental concepts and principles of implementation science for a psycho-oncology audience, to increase the number and quality of implementation studies across the discipline.
  • Evaluation of Systems-Oriented Public Health Interventions: Alternative Research Designs

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Evaluation Study design
    This article explores the key features and complexities associated with a range of research designs that can be used as alternatives to the individual randomized controlled trial (RCT). Some of these research designs include the cluster RCT, stepped wedge design, interrupted time series, multiple baseline, and controlled pre- and post- designs.
  • Translational Research Framework

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Evaluation Frameworks, models, theories
    This guide provides a number of prompts to help identify the steps you need to take to a) demonstrate that a health service, program or policy innovation works, b) understand the conditions under which it was successful (or unsuccessful) and c) where appropriate, identify how to scale up an innovation for greatest impact.
  • Knowledge Translation (KT) Intervention Mapping Exercise

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Practice
    Topics: Implementation strategies
    Use this template as a guide to developing a Knowledge Translation (KT) intervention to improve an evidence-to practice gap that you’ve identified.
  • Knowledge Translation of Research Findings

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Evidence-practice gap Knowledge translation
    This paper summarises the current concepts and evidence to guide knowledge translation activities, defined as T2 research (the translation of new clinical knowledge into improved health).
  • Developing theory-informed behaviour change interventions to implement evidence into practice: a systematic approach using the Theoretical Domains Framework

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Frameworks, models, theories Intervention development
    This resource outlines a four-step systematic method for developing an intervention designed to change clinical practice based on a theoretical framework. The method of development provides a systematic framework that could be used by others developing complex implementation interventions. While this framework should be iteratively adjusted and refined to suit other contexts and settings, we ... Read more
  • Opportunities for Epidemiologists in Implementation Science: A Primer

    Type of resource:
    Science Expertise: Beginner Resource category: Science
    Topics: Introductory
    The purpose of this paper is to provide epidemiologists with a primer in implementation science, which includes dissemination research and implementation research as defined by the National Institutes of Health. We describe the basic principles of implementation science, highlight key components for conducting research, provide examples of implementation studies that encompass epidemiology, and offer resources ... Read more